About -- About LPG
Drive your Way to a Better Life... Better fuel for a better planet
Alternative Fuels for Petrol-driven Vehicles
Want a cleaner planet? Pure air? A healthy future for you and your family? And save money too? Here’s one thing you can do – and save money too ! Use eco-friendly fuel for your vehicle.
Alternative fuel is just one of the many measures initiated by the government to reduce vehicular pollution. Others suggested are unleaded petrol, reduced sulfur content in diesel, introduction of multi-port fuel injection system in the petrol engines, exhaust element redesign, introduction of alternative fuels, etc. The government has approved Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) as alternatives to petrol and diesel.
CNG has been the cheaper of the two up to now, since it is subsidized. Once this subsidy is removed, the cost of both eco-friendly fuels will be competitive.
LPG has been in use at homes for over 40 years, so you know how safe it is to use. An LPG leak can best be detected by its rotten-egg smell. The leak can be located by using soap water.
The table below will help you make a choice. Though each fuel has its own limitations, it can be seen that, overall, LPG is the better alternative.
|Running cost per km. (for car running at 10 km / litre mileage)
||If this is 100
||Would be 35
||Would be 54
||Under normal pressure
||Under 200 Bar pressure
||Under 7 Bar pressure
|Transport of fuel within country
|Availability of fuel
||Only in Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad & Delhi
||90 cities in India
||CO - 2.30%
HC - 350 PPM
|CO - 0.20%
HC - 150 PPM
|CO - 0.20%
HC - 50 PPM
|Running range with full tank
|Car tank filling time
||10 Minutes + waiting in queue
|Cost of conversion kit
|Weight of empty fuel tank
The specifications for LPG as vehicular fuel is governed by an Indian Standard (IS 14861 : 2000). This fuel is called AutoLPG.
A petrol-driven vehicle can be easily converted to run on LPG. (Okay, so there’s the little matter of not-so-little cost, but you will find that the long-term rewards are worth it). Conversion turns your car into a dual-fuel car, i.e. it will run on petrol and AutoLPG or on petrol and CNG. In case one fuel tank is empty, you can switch over to the other – as easily as switching the lights on or off – even when the engine is running !
Many RTO-recognized agencies at all major cities offer conversion kits. There are a number of kits approved by government institutes for various brands and models of vehicles. Popular brands include Vialle, Tomasetto, APFT etc. Italy has the highest number of LPG-driven vehicles, so most of these kits come from there.
The conversion kit for LPG mainly consists of a storage tank, a vapouriser, solenoids for petrol and LPG, and a changeover switch with a tank-level indicator. The capacity of the storage tank is 40 – 60 liters, and it is permanently fixed to the vehicle chassis. The tank is designed to withstand pressure build-up, and is sufficiently crash-proof and bullet-proof. The tank must be hydro-tested every year, and the results of the latest testing must be displayed near the LPG fill valve on the vehicle. A multi-function valve on the tank facilitates filling. This valve also limits filling to 80% of its volumetric capacity for safety reasons. The valve also has a safety relief valve, a fusible plug, shut-off valves and level indicator.
Why not domestic LPG?
In case you’re tempted to run your car on domestic LPG, remember that it is both illegal and unsafe to do so. Illegal -- because the cost of domestic LPG cylinder is subsidised by the Government solely for the purpose of domestic cooking. Unsafe - because the cylinder and its connections are not meant for dynamic use.
The Availability Factor
AutoLPG Dispensing Stations are installed at many Petrol Pumps on a turnkey basis. More than 150 such AutoLPG dispensing systems are installed in major cities in India and the number is growing very fast. So after you fit the kit onto your car, you can drive down to any of these petrol pumps and tank up. To know the nearest Petrol Pump selling AutoLPG for your car please log on to http://www.iac.org.in/index.htm?option=com_classifieds1&Itemid=229&parent=182. OR visit www.iac.org.in and click on “INFRASTRUCTURE” and then “AutoLPG Filling Station”.
Car manufacturers are launching duel-fuel vehicles, with AutoLPG as the main fuel and a 5-liter petrol tank for emergency use. And no PUC check is required for tanks so configured. Manufacturers like Maruti, Tata Motors, Hindustan Motors are ready with their AutoLPG-driven cars. Recently, Maruti launched its OMNI CARGO LPG model all over India. Maruti has also launched 300 units of OMNI VAN as Call Taxis in Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad.
Do as the world does
AutoLPG is used in over 39 countries. Major users are Australia, Netherlands, Italy, Japan, South Korea and China. Many countries promote the use of AutoLPG not merely because it is cheaper, but because it is eco-friendly. With increasing awareness of our role in environmental conservation, AutoLPG consumption in India has been increasing at an accelerated pace of 29% per year for the last four years.
AutoLPG is available in Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Pune, Nashik, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Lucknow, Bhopal, Indore, Agra, Calicut, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati, Chandigarh, etc.
So, right now, make an eco-friendly resolution. Change over to clean fuel, and do your bit for the planet… and your wallet !